Contribution of Indian Schools of philosophy:

  1. Dayananda Saraswati’s teachings professed universalism for all the living beings and not for any particular sect, faith, community or nation based on which arya samaj was founded.
  2. The Arya Samaj, condemned practices of several different religions and communities, including such practices as idol worship, animal sacrifice, pilgrimages, priest craft, offerings made in temples, the castes, child marriages, meat eating and discrimination against women.
  1. Islamic tradition in education lays stress on inculcation of values like Humility and nobility.
  2. The Islamic educational practice of combining knowledge of skills along with the knowledge of “one God” runs parallel to the thesis of Bhedabhed Vedanta.
  1. Assertion (A) :In ancient India, the development of the inner nature or character of the student was deemed  as one of  the  essential objects of Education.
  2. Reason (R) : Mere intellectual development without the development of character will defeat the very ends of  studentship.
    1. In  the  light of  the  above statements,  choose the correct  option  :
    2. (1) Both  (A) and (R)  are  true and  (R) is not the  correct  explanation  of  (A)
  3. Naturalistic stance
    1. Museums and Zoos orient man to learn about nature. 
    2. Life is ultimately governed by the laws of nature. 
    3. Sciences are the gateways of learning. 


  1. According to samkhya philosophy the sequence of creation is 
    1. purusa, prakriti, mahat, ahankar
  2. List-I gives twenty five metaphysical categories of sankhya and List-II provides their types
    1. Cause only – Prakriti
    2. Effect only – Five sensory organs, Five motor organs, Manas and five gross bodies
    3. Both cause and effect – Mahat, Ahankara and five subtle essences
    4. Neither cause nor effect – Purusa
  3. In Sankhya Philosophy ‘Evolution’ is considered to be a teleological Process
  4. In the two sets given below, Set I mentions some of the evolutes of Prakriti while Set II indicates their nature  and  function in term of  Sankhya  philosophy. Match the  two  sets.
    1. List I(Evolution of Prakiti) List II (Nature and function)
      1. Mahat, the  great – It is cosmic  in nature  and  functions  as a psychological aspect of  knowing
      2. Ego (Ahankar) – It  is  the  principle  of  individuation  and  its function  is to generate  self-sense
      3. Mind (Manas) – It is the  subtle  and  central sense  organ which synthesizes sense  data into determinate perception
      4. Subtle essences (Tanmatras) – (i) Are  neither the  qualities nor  the  differential of gross  elements  nor the functions.
  5. This universe is constantly evolving through the cycles of ‘sarg’ and ‘pralay’.” This statement would be endorsed by the Philosophy of  Sankhya.
  6. Match the following two sets. Set-I provides the form ofcausation while Set-II gives the name of metaphysical entities as postulated by Sankhya Philosophy.
    1. Set-I (Form of Causation) Set-II (Metaphysical Entities)
      1. Cause only – Prakrit
      2. Effect only – Sensory and Motor organs
      3. Both cause and effect – Tanmatras
      4. Neither cause nor effect – Purusha
  7. In Sankhya the equilibrium of the three gunas is called Prakriti.
  8. School of Philosophy maintains that ‘the effect pre-exists in the cause in a potential condition Sankhya.
  9. Sankhya Philosophy the aims of education are. Spiritual and materialistic
  10. This universe is constantly evolving through the cycles of ‘sarg’ and ‘pralay’.” This statement would be endorsed by the Philosophy of  Sankhya.
  11. the following are the implications of Samkhya Philosophy
    1. The dualistic nature of things should be explained through education
    2. Education should help the learner to realize the supremacy of spirit over matter.
    3. Every human being is ‘trigunatmak’ by nature.

The school of Indian Philosophy which states there are six distinct pramanas (sources of knowledge) is Advaita Vedanta.


  1. The concepts of education which will be assented to by Vedant Philosophy are
    1. Awakening of intelligence with all the three Q’s -IQ. EQ, and SQ
    2. Inclusive education
    3. Education for all
  2. In the Indian social system as it obtains today, the goal of equality and excellence will not be viewed as two opposite poles in terms of Shankaracharya’s Vedantic philosophy.
  3. Assertion (A): Maya takes a contrary view to Brahman.
    1. Reason (R) : Maya creates an illusory world.
      1. Select the correct code from the following: 
        1. A. Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 
  1. Nearest ‘Kosha’ to Atman according to Vedanta philosophy is called Anandmaya Kosha.
  2. Given below are two sets which describe the Indian model of personality. Set-I provides the list of ‘Sheaths of body’ called ‘Kosha’ and Set-II indicates names of various types of body with the associated principal element. Match the two and indicate your answer by choosing from the code.
    1. Set-I (Sheath of Body) Set-II (Name of Body and The Principal Element)
      1. (a) Vigyanmaya Kosh – Causal body + Air
      2. (b) Manomaya Kosh – Subtle body + Fire
      3. (c) Pranmaya Kosh – The state in body between subtle and concrete body + Water
      4. (d) Annmaya Kosh – The concrete body + Earth
        1. Absolute causal body + Akash
  3. List I offers the description of ‘Koshas’ as a part of our personality and List II mentions their names
    1. List I (Description of Kosha) List II (Name of Kosha)
      1. It is made up of the food we eat – Annamaya Kosha
      2. It comprises the reflexes and the organs the nervous system of receptors and effectors -Pranamaya Kosha
      3. It is that where cravings, desires and purposes reside – Manomaya Kosha
      4. It is the repository of individual intelligence necessary for one’s individual existence – Vigyanmaya Kosha
      5. It is the representative of the Atman seated in the individual body – Anandamaya Kosha
        1. (vi) The Individual Self


  1. the correct combination of concepts which will represent Buddhism
    1. Vaibhashik
    2. Pabajja – The initiation ceremony
    3. Sanskar
    4. Sautantrik but not Anekantvada and Syadvada
  2. An epistemological approaches, knowledge is considered to be multifaceted Dwadash Nidana of Buddhism.
  3. In terms of Buddhist philosophy, Right faith and right resolve is contributive to right knowledge (Pragya).
  4. The features which explain the concept of dependent origination in Buddhist Philosophy
    1. Everything in this world is conditional and relative
    2. From the ultimate stand point there is no difference between “Sanasara and Nirvana
    3. All appearances (dharmas) being relative have no real origination.
  5. A teacher with leanings in Buddhist Philosophy be your own guide in life.
  6. Buddhism  school of philosophy believes that the ‘self is an impermanent mind-body complex’
  7. Buddhist Concept and Meaning/example
    1. Arya satya – sorrow in life
    2. dwadash nidan – namrupa
    3. ashtanga marg – samyaka vyayam
    4. nirvana – samadhi


  1. The Jain philosophy propounds the following epistemological principle for arriving at true  knowledge Syadvada where Knowledge is considered to be multifaceted.
  2. Jain epistemology considers a five stage hierarchy of knowledge. This different levels of knowledge in an order includes.
    1. mati, shruti, avadhi. Manahparyava, kaivalya
      1. Mati – Knowledge about the mind
      2. sruthi – learning from other sources
      3. avadhi – knowledge through psychic abilities
      4. mahaprayaya – knowledge gained by reading others minds
      5. Kaivalya – transcending the whole body and mind
  1. As per jain philosophy a disciple cannot attain definitive knowledge because
    1. truth is multifaceted (Anekantvada)
  2. The statements best describes Jain Metaphysics
    1. Reality is characterized by ‘manyness’
    2. ‘Karma’ is the link which unites the soul to the body.
    3. Matter and spirit are separate and independent reality
  3. Clairvoyance is said to be the immediate knowledge in Jain philosophy.
  4. According to Jain philosophy, when by the possession and practice of right faith, right knowledge and right conduct, the influx of fresh Karmic matter is blocked, this state is called Stoppage (Sanvar).
  5. The philosophy that believes in the five principles of conduct ( Truth – Non-stealing, Non-violence – No sex life, Non- attachment
  1. A school got grade A in a ranking. Four teachers reacted differently as under. Which one of the observations shall be in conformity with the epistemology of Jainism.
    1. There can be many causes for this. I cannot be sure
  2. In jainism school of thought considers all knowledge as relative.
  1. Philosophy and its concept of knowledge – Reality and Concepts values
    1. Samkhya – Knowledge of self – prakriti and purusha – Both material and spiritual values
    2. Vedanta – Knowledge of brahman – Atman and brahman – spiritual values
    3. Buddhism – Moral knowledge – Moral values
    4. Jainism – Knowledge of  relativities – Multisided realty – Religious values

Educational philosophy:

  1. Statements that justify the study of Educational Philosophy in a teacher education course
    1. Philosophy helps in developing relationships between terms and concepts.
    2. Philosophy clarifies the meaning of concepts underlying education.
    3. Philosophy develops holistic perception of educational issues.
  2. The study of philosophy should be considered important for prospective teachers because
    1. Philosophy provides a framework for viewing educational problems in true perspective
  3. The study of philosophy by a teacher helps him/her.
    1. learn the concepts of education easily
    2. think in a holistic perspective
    3. attain confidence in planning how to teach
    4. develop a critical framework
  4. A: Philosophy helps in determining aims of education
    1. R: Education depends mostly on philosophy
    2. Both A and R true.
  5. The correct reason for including philosophy of education in Teacher Education Curriculum
    1. Philosophy helps in understanding educational concepts in a holistic way
    2. Philosophy and education are two sides of the same coin
    3. Philosophical analysis of educational concepts helps in developing a rational view point.
  6. Positive relativism school of philosophy favours the school should actively foster the democratic spirit and allow its students as much scope as possible for governing themselves.
  7. The statements which express the relationship between education and philosophy
    1. The objectives and goals of education have to be decided by our stand on the nature of man.
    2. Education should be life itself, rather than a preparation for living.
    3. The school should encourage cooperation rather than competition.

  1. Epistemology branch  of  philosophy  has  a  direct  relevance  for  deciding  transactional  strategies of curriculum.
  2. A teacher is faced with the problem of choosing theappropriate teaching method for the transaction of a course content. Epistemology branch of philosophy will most appropriately describe his/her predicament.
  3. Instructional model of constructivism has been developed on the basis of Learning occurs through the search for epistemological structure of understanding as a theoretical basis.

Western schools of thoughts:

  1. Plato propagated the idea of education of the most talented.
  2. In the two sets given below. Set I mentions the western schools of thought, while set II offers their visualisation of teacher’s role. Match the two sets.
    Set I (Western school of thought) Set II (Teacher’s role visualized)
    (a) Idealism – To be a role model to be emulated
    (b) Realism – To impart knowledge
    (c) Pragmatism – To function as a consultant in problem situation
    (d) Existentialism – To assist each student personally in his/her journey towards self-realization.
  3. Match Column – I (thinkers) and Column – II (their works) and give your answer from the  codes given below : 
    1. Column – I Column – II
    2. Ivan Illiach – Education and social order
    3. John Dewey – The laboratory school
    4. Paulo Friere – Banking concept of education 
    5. Bertrand Russell – Deschooling society
  4. The reality is in the constant flux, hence knowledge is essentially relative in nature. Who  among the following educators will favour this proposition ?
    1. John Dewey
  5. Below are two Set-I mentions thinkers while Set-II consists of schools of thought associated with them. Match the two and choose from the code to indicate your answer.
    1. Set-I (Thinkers) Set-II (Schools of thought)
      1. A.J. Ayer – Logical Positivism – The idea that teacher should teach and even use only those words and sentences which can be empirically verified to be true or false is mooted.
      2. Wittgenstein – Linguistic analysis
      3. Bertrend Russel – Logical Atomism
      4. G.E. Moore – Neorealism
        1. Logical Empiricism
        2. Positive Relativism
  6. A: According to logical positivism teach and use only those words and sentences which can be verified empirically
    1. R: Because of the truth which can be verified only through empirical means – both A and R true and correct explanation
  7. In the two sets given below, Set-I provides a list of attributes based scientific criteria and Set-II offers their brief description. Match the two sets and select appropriate code for correct matching :
    1. Set-I (Attribute Based Scientific Criteria) Set-II (Description)
      1. Parsimony – Explanations should be as simple as possible
      2. Empiricism – Knowledge should be grounded in observation
      3. Precision – Research statement should be based on accurate measurements
      4. Objectivity – Interpretation of research should not reflect personal biases
        1. Knowledge should remain open to revision


  1. The principle of ‘the child’ the school and education itself are shaped largely by social and cultural
    forces’ was enunciated by reconstructionism.
  2. the values of an educational experience in the eyes of the idealist is Whether or not it preserves accepted institutions.


  1. Existentialism school of Philosophy would favour the statement, Since both pain and pleasure are the wealth of man, they are his good teachers.
  2. This philosophy held that ‘Men in the world feel lonely and anxious, being unsure of their meaning and fearful of their annihilation’
  3. An existentialistic teacher should emphasise on 
    1. freedom
    2. responsibility
    3. subjective feelings
  4. All systems of ideas are subject to verification by consequences” is the core of the philosophy of  Existentialism.
  5. The stance to be taken by a teacher advocating existentialist education Values are subjective and personal
  6. ‘Man is potentially always in conflict with his neighbour and all social relationships are doomed to frustration’ – Jean-Paul Sartre.


  1. Which school of Western Philosophy endorses the following metaphysical assertion?
    “Since the universe exists independent of us and is governed by laws over which we have little
    control, it is necessary to know certain definite things about this universe in order to adopt to it“ – Realism.
  2. Realism school of philosophy focus on the teaching of contents drawn from pure sciences.
    1. “Objects have a reality independent of mental phenomena”
  3. The only type of adjustment to which education should lead is adjustment to the truth which is universal and unchanging Perennialism.
  4. According to the philosophy of realism, which combination of subjects is most appropriate for inclusion in the curriculum
    1. Science, Mathematics and Logic.
  5. Realistic epistemology will plead the case of a posteriori type of knowledge.
    1. A posteriori knowledge is empirical, experience-based knowledge, whereas apriori knowledge is non-empirical knowledge.
  6. The following is criticized by realism in education
    1. Teachers denying the value of school co-curricular activities
    2. Pupils cramming for knowledge from books for reproducing in examination
    3. Organizing schools in a way that is conducive to practical training in citizenship.


  1. “Prayer cannot be offered with an empty stomach”. This statement will get support from Pragmatism.
  2. The philosophy which does not believe in any standard value in the world  Pragmatism.
  3. Honesty is the best policy. This statement will be assented to by Pragmatism.
  4. Educational activity is most desirable to the pragmatist Approximates the goals which educational scientists have set up
  5. Pragmatism has a greater sense of responsibility than Naturalism with regard to moral training because
    1. The free activity which pragmatic- system of education entails does not mean licence; rather it means a guided activity.


  1. In dealing with the problems of education, which of the following combinations will be supported
    by a teacher of Marxist orientation.
    1. Science and technology help in the development of society.
    2. The creation of classless society karl marx.
    3. Progress of society implies subsequent changes in the means of education


  1. The ultimate purpose of Gandhian education is the Promotion of human beings.
  1. Abraham Lincoln is a from of government of the people, for the people and by the people.


  1. A teacher cannot truly teach unless he is learning himself is a viewpoint articulated particularly by Tagore.


  1. Education helps in the gradual transformation from lower to highest level of consciousness called
    the Gnostic Being in terms of Aurobindo’s philosophical postulation.
  2. Sri Aurobindo contributed the book entitled “Savitri : A Legend and a Symbol.
  3. Sri Aurobindo has contributed towards the concept of integral education.
  4. The task of a teacher is to uplift the awakened consciousness of human beings is implied by Sri Aurobindo’s idea of supermind.

Swami Vivekananda:

1. Swami Vivekananda is an Indian educators/thinkers drew heavily from the philosophy of Vedant.

Savitribai Phule:

  1. the contribution of Savitribai Phule highly acclaimed Education of women.
  2. Savitribai Phule is known for her contribution in
    1. Education of the scheduled castes
    2. Women education
  1. Under Set I are given the names of Indian thinkers and Under Set II are their outstanding works. Match the two sets. Set I (Thinkers) Set II (Works)
    1. Swami Vivekananda – Modern India
    2. Rabindranath Tagore – Gitanjali
    3. M.K. Gandhi – My Experiment with Truth
    4. J. Krishnamurti – The First and Last freedom
  1. List-I includes the name of Indian thinkers and List-II Name  of  Books authored by them
    1. (a) Mahatma Gandhi – My Experiment with truth
    2. (b) Rabindranath Tagore – (iii) The Home and the world
    3. (c) Sri Aurobindo – A life Divine
    4. (d) Swami Vivekananda – Bartaman Bharat

Paulo Freire philosophy:

  • paulo freire stated that ‘education can never be neutral in the context of community’
    1. He believes in “Genuine dialogue, the teacher teaches the learner, who learns and teaches the teacher as well’
  • The following constitute ‘Critical Pedagogy’ of Paulo Freire
    • Teaching is inherently political
    • Teaching implies absence of neutrality of knowledge
    • Issues of social justice and democracy are integral part of teaching
  • His book ‘pedagogy of the oppressed’ for those oppressed to regain their sense of humanity.

Wollstonecraft like savitri bai phule – rights and equality of women which formed her ideas on education – educated women in society.

“Vindication of the Rights of Woman” is written by Woodstonecraft.

Nel noddings – an American feminist, educationalist, and philosopher best known for her work in
philosophy of education, educational theory, and ethics of care


Sociology of Education:

  1. Analysis of sociological processes involved in educational institutions is a specific concern of Sociology of education.
  2. Theory of Social Constructivism can be applied to classroom communication.
    1. ‘social competence’ in influencing learning are Socio-economic status, Motivation, Emotional well-being.
  3. Teaching is a social act whereas learning is a personal act since teaching is a kind of delivery of knowledge while learning is like receiving it.
  4. Indian Constitution assents
    1. Liberty, equality, fraternity and justice
    2. Republic and a Democratic society
    3. Vasudhaiv Kutumbkam and Universal brotherhood
  5. An example of social mobility
    1. Deputising village youths in Indian Army
  6. Those factors that help in social mobility
    1. Education
    2. Occupation
    3. Income
  7. Upward social mobility of teachers is relatively less contingent on 
    1. Academic merit
    2. Political influence
    3. Level of aspirations
  1. Social relevance of education is justified on the basis of
    1. Education as a source of understanding human values
    2. Education as a means of acquiring social and technical skills
    3. Education as a factor for creative pursuits
    4. Education as a context for the emergence of wisdom
  1. The disadvantaged section of Indian society
    1. Tribe
    2. Slum dwellers
    3. Scheduled Caste
    4. Contractual laborer’s
  2. Making special provisions for the promotion of education amongst disadvantaged section of society facilitates :
    1. (a) Social mobility (b) Equality of opportunity (c) Inclusive growth
  3. In socialization of a child, the factors tend to contribute significantly in the Indian context
    1. Location of family and its neighborhood
    2. Sports and games organized in school
    3. Illiteracy of family
  4. The features of social and emotional development characterize the stage of childhood
    1. Tendency of withdrawal from parents
    2. Fear and worry
    3. Curiosity
  5. The statements indicate the features of social development during adolescence
    1. The adolescent develops a norm for evaluation of ones own conduct.
    2. The adolescent girl or boy shows tendency for hero worship.
    3. Formation of cliques or association of concepts takes place during adolescence
  6. Assertion (A) : Adolescence is a period of storm and stress
    1. Reason (R) : There is intensity in the expression of emotions coupled with absence of consistency Choose the correct alternative to indicate your answer.
    2. Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  1. The focus of concern of sociology of education, in classical approach has been on
    1. class conflict resolution
  2. The factors is associated with positive social change Striving for excellence.
  3. In effecting social change in Indian context through the instrumentality of education, the biggest hurdles are factors related to Diversities of various types.

  1. Given below are two sets. Set I mentions some terms from the Preamble to the Constitution of India and Set Il gives their explanation. Match the item from
    1. (a) Socialism – Political idea that all people are equal and resources should be equally shared.
    2. (b) Secularism – State has no religion, it is neither pro nor against any religion
    3. (c) Democracy – a system in which government is elected and managed by the people of the country
    4. (d) Republic – a nation state that has an elected government and elected leader
  1. The statements most appropriately describes the concept of political modernization
    1. A general process of change in the political sphere is closely related to other areas of society.
  2. Modernisation is the process of adaptation in terms of current needs and life styles
  3. Education is a factor that explains social change in various ways the most appropriate indicators in this regard are Investigation, Reflection, Attitude formation.
  4. The factors tends to slow down the progress in education in India
    1. Ethnicity 
    2. Less emphasis on training of teachers
    3. Scarcity of ICT resources in schools 
  1. Below are given a number of concepts in List-I and their descriptions in List-II. Match the items in List-I with that of List-II : List-I : (Concepts) List-II : (Description)
    1. Social stratification – Denotes high level of interaction among various groups
    2. Social mobility – Moving from one level to the other similar or higher level.
    3. Social change – Development of knowledge and skills in society
    4. Social equity – Ensuring equality of educational opportunities
  1. In the following two sets of information, List-I lists the agents of political socialization, while ListII narrates their roles:
    1. Family – Perpetuates value that support authorities
    2. School – Provides opportunity for understanding democratic processes
    3. Peer Group – Influences teenagers’ lifestyle and attitude development
    4. Mass Media – A sources of political information and also an instrument for shaping political values and beliefs
  2. The most powerful constraint in attaining universalization of primary education in India is related to Regional politics.

Educational technology:

  1. Indicate the meaning, purpose and scope of Educational Technology
    1. ET  optimises  learning  outcomes.
    2. ET ensures  effectiveness of learning outcomes.
    3. ET has a tremendous role in rendering teaching-learning system effort effective.
  2. The meaning and scope of Educational technology
    1. Hardware in ET is the modality of presentation whereas software is the content or message which is presented.
    2. ET aims at optimizing learning outcomes.
    3. System’s approach in ET followed hardware and software approaches.
    4. Simple cognitive interchanges in teacher and learner form part of reflective level teaching.
  3. Identify those  which relate to the concept of Educational Technology (ET)
    1. ET is a network of techniques for promoting effective learning conditions.
    2. ET optimises learning outcomes with the use of a number of instrumentalities.
    3. Designing of effective teaching learning outcomes is  facilitated by ET
  4. The correct sequence in the development of educational technology in India is reflected by
    1. Audio aids,  Video aids, Audio-visual aids,  ICT supported  aids
  5. For classroom discussion sessions which of the following is the most appropriate in encouraging reflection among learners Think, Pair and Share Sessions
  1. Use of  Educational Technology  in open  and  distance  learning is  helpful in :
    1. Promoting learner interest
    2. Ensuring cost  effectiveness of the system
    3. Facilitating  learners to benefit from varied learning resources
    1. Making learners active  participants  in  teaching learning processes
  2. E – Gyan Kosh is an Open Educational Resources (OER) comes under the ambit of Indian Initiatives
  1. Examples of applications of ET to open and distance learning courses
    1. Modular instructional materials
    2. Massive open online  courses (MOOC)
    3. Edusat-based interactions
  2. The introduction of open and distance education in complementation with MOOC in India, gives a leeway to:  
    1. Equality of educational opportunity specially to the disadvantaged groups
  3. The school level education enforces the policy of free and compulsory education for girls and socially disadvantaged section of society. This represents the drive for Equity and equality.
  4. The goals of education are achievable through Universalization of Elementary education
    1. Equality of opportunities in Education
    2. Development of an enlightened and humane society
    3. Education as a tool of human resource development
  5. In ensuring quality education to women and rural sections of the population, which of the following will be considered most effective in the Indian context adopting multiple strategies to address the diverse needs of this group.
  6. Free uniform and book aids to disadvantaged segments of society is a move towards providing Handicaps to compensate economic deprivation
  1. For the use  of ‘online libraries’ in  a effective manner, which  of the following poses  a potential threat to quality Lack of technical skill of the user.
  2. From the sequence given below, identify the correct one regarding the evolution of distance education programmes in India.
    1. Correspondence courses, Distance learning, Open learning, e learning
  3. On-line learning environment accessed through the Webinars is described as a virtual classroom
  4. When  teaching  learning  material  is  introduced  offline so  that  learners  can  access  the  content anytime before the class starts and can write down their questions/problems which can be asked during  the  classroom  is  called Flipped  classroom.
  1. the characteristic features of e-learning
    1. Empowering learner to absorb personal accomplishment
    2. Promoting self-initiated learning
    3. Providing multiple channels of acquiring knowledge
    4. Assisting teacher with high degree of coverage to deliver the content regularly
  2. Combination of both face to face and traditional classroom methods with e-learning is used to create a hybrid approach to teaching which is called as Blended learning.
  3. In programmed learning Crowder is said to be the proponent of ‘Adaptive programming’.
  4. The  high  potential  for  empirical  validation  in  using  Educational Technology
    1. Programmed Instructional material.
  5. Communication Model of Transactions there is optimum scope for encoding and decoding messages based on collaborative projects.
  6. A teacher is organizing reflective level academic deliberations in the classroom. The scope for transactional communication will be optimum in such a situation.
  1. Technology based potential for urbanization and industrialization contribute to social mobility
  2. The meaning of digital culture is The way people live, work, play and learn with ICT.
  3. The combinations of learning resources gives a comprehensive concept of Distance Education
    1. Mobile learning
    2. Mass media
    3. I.C.T.
    4. Print material
  4. Types of Mobile Application
    1. Native
    2. Mobile Web
    3. Hybrid
  5. Which of the following represent ICT integrated strategy?
    1. Flipped teaching-learning
    2. Blended teaching-learning
    3. Edusat-based teaching learning
    4. Video conferencing
  6. The purpose of ICT integration is for optimising learning outcomes.

Instructional Design and Development:

  1. In designing instructional systems, what is the correct sequence insisted ? Choose from the alternatives given below ?
    1. Formulation of instructional objectives, task analysis, designing of instructional strategies and evaluation rubrics.
  2. Programmed Instructional procedure method of teaching which provides the “basic requirements for success/ effectiveness is Small step presentation with feedback provided.
  3. The acronym DMAIC  of Six Sigma method  stands for
    1. Define-Measure-Analyse-Improve-Control
  4. In the following list of statements identify the correct set :
    1. Linear programming is developed by using immediate reinforcement.
    2. Interactive phase of teaching facilitates the process of communication.
    3. Synectic method facilitates creative process.
    4. Flanders interaction analysis focuses on indirect talk patterns.
  1. the characteristic features  of  Linear-Programmed style of Instructional Technology
    1. Small step presentation
    2. Active responding
    3. Immediacy of feedback
  2. In the instructional design based on Skinner’s theory of  reinforcement, which of the following set of activities are appropriate
    1. Step by step presentation of learning material, student response and immediacy of feedback
  1. Consideration of inputs, process and output of instruction is an essential part of the curricular designing process.
  2. Optimum use of the ‘Principle of successive approximation’ has been empirically demonstrated through Programmed instructional model
  3. Instructional presentations involving scope for information processing of teaching-learning arrangements in which there is more scope for critical and creative interchange.
  1. The school headmaster conducts a monitoring programme for improving classroom instructional procedure. This will be in the midst of Formative evaluation.
  2. the various strategies used for modifying teaching behaviour in ET
    1. Sensitivity training, micro teaching, action research, simulation, interaction analysis, proceeding and programmed instructional strategy. 
  1. key behaviors of effective teaching as evident from researches
    1. Using student ideas and contributions while the teacher is presenting the subject.
    2. Instructional variety involving teacher’s variability and flexibility during presentation.
    3. Student success rate implying the rate at which students understand and correctly complete the exercises.
  2. The following can be considered relevant in using software approach for instructional designs
    1. Use of evidences on learning
    2. Use of the findings of researches in behavioral sciences
    3. Insights from use of various learning resources.
  3. Activities will be considered most relevant for pre-active stage of teaching
    1. Writing of instructional objectives
    2. Preparation of Lesson Plan
  4. The Components of the following structure of a frame in
    1. linear – Information given
    2. branching – Response made
    3. computer assisted instruction – Feedback delivered
  5. Mathetics programmes based instructional design, the sequence of frames follows a demonstrate, prompt and release pattern.
  6. Programmed instruction is based on the principle of   Operant Conditioning.
  7. For training in behaviour modification using Skinner’s operant conditioning model in which of the following types of procedures, negative reinforcement is made contingent on making or with holding of a response in the presence or absence of cues?
    1. Escape learning
    2. Punishment learning
    3. Active avoidance learning
  1. In the two sets which follow, Set-I indicates the specific devices and Set-II mentions the stage of programme development. Match the two on the basis of their appropriateness. Choose from the code to give your answer:
    1. Set-1 (Devices used) Set-11  (Stage of programme development)
      1. Writing of behavioural objectives  – Prior to development of a programme
      2. Priming – For introductory frames 
      3. Prompting – For shaping behaviour in steps
      4. Testing – During withdrawal of prompts
  1. List-1(Programming types) and list-2(Instructional features)
    1. Linear – Small step presentation with priming and prompting
    2. branching – relative open question and answer session
    3. Mathetic – retrogressive chaining of information
    4. Computer assisted – software based system of instruction
  2. The five types of learning indicated in a hierarchical arrangement as mentioned by Robert M. Gagne. the correct hierarchy
    1. Signal learning
    2. S – R learning
    3. Chain learning
    4. Concept learning
    5. Rule learning.
  3. Below are given the two sets. Set-I lists the models of  instructional design and Set-II contains their explanations
    1. Set-I (Models) Set-II  (Explanations)
      1. ADDIE – A process that offers a step-by-step framework to assess training and educational material
      2. ASSURE – Catering for the specific needs of every learner rather than using general resources
      3. Gagne – Emphasis on information processing of mental events and learning outcome
      4. Dick and Carey – It starts with instructional goals and ends with summative evaluation.
  4. Instructional objective change is  to  be  placed  at  the  peak  of  the  ‘curriculum  triangle’  while  effecting  a change.
  5. Five E’s instructional model of constructivism has been developed on the basis of which of the following theoretical basis of learning – Learning occurs through the search for epistemological  structure of understanding.
  6. The constructivist approach to ‘instructional design’ will lay stress on which of the following action words Explore, enquire and  interpret.
  7. The implications of constructivist theory for Instructional design is reflected through
    1. Instructional design should promote participatory approaches leading to creation of meaning giving  processes.
    2. Instructional designs should provide scope for challenging learning contexts and proactive moves
  8. Assertion  (A)  :  Planning  for  instructions  refers  to  the  decisions  made  about  organising, implementing and evaluating instruction.
    1. Reason (R) :  Planning gives a sense of direction and through this a feel of confidence to the teacher. It helps the teacher to become a reflective decision maker about instruction.
      1. In the light of the above statements. Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below :
      2. Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  1. Verbal instruction of communication is Informal.
    1. The dress code followed by an individual signifies non-verbal communication in an essential way.
  2. Educational communication has the limitation of Attention span of receivers
  3. List I(Examples of Communication) List II (Types of Communication)
    1. Sending e-mail – Formal
    2. Verbal instruction – Informal
    3. Exchange of information between two groups of people – Transactional
    4. Traffic signals- Semiotics
  4. An adult student’s strength, weaknesses, knowledge and skills prior to instruction is assessed by  Diagnostic assessment.
  5. The main objective  of assessment
    1. Collect  information  systematically  to  judge  students’  characteristics
  6. For a group of Adult Learners a trainer provides information to enable them to understand the information for indicating acceptability or non acceptability of their responses. This will be technically called providing
    1. Feedback of the given response
  1. A student play an active role of a hunter in a jungle using computer programme is an example of  Simulation Instruction  type of computer assisted instruction (CAI).

Information system:

  1. In pre-learning preparation, an important stage of communication is Information acquisition and its processing.
  2. Assertion (A) :  Classroom communication behaviours imply making the contents relevant.
    1. Reason (R) :  It is none of the functions of teachers to make students organise information “for effective interaction
    2. (A) is true, but (R) is false.
  3. The use of system approach is preferred on the following grounds
    1. It lays emphasis on instructional objectives.
    2. It controls the efforts of teacher in designing class room communication.
    3. It helps in setting the criteria for the assessment of teaching.
    4. It involves the use of task analysis.
  4. Assertion (A): Information systems support promotion of research. development and innovation related growth of a country.
    1. Reason (R): Information is the basic input to the development 
    2. Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  5. The ethical and social issues of information systems are becoming more important these days because  of the  increased
    1. use of the internet.
    2. use  of interconnected information  systems
  6. An inquiry oriented activity in which the information comes from resources on the internet optimally supplemented with video conferencing is called
    1. Web Quest
  7. WBL stands for Web Based Learning.
  8. A teacher presents information by accessing from E-learning portals while displaying confidence in the domain of concerned knowledge. This may involve
    1. Non-observance of ethicality
  9. The ethical and social issues of information systems are becoming more important these days because  of the  increased
    1. use  of  the  internet
    2. use  of interconnected information  systems.
Previous year questions